What is the Sex Change Surgery/Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS)?
Sex change surgery/sex reassignment surgery refers to the administration of surgery to change the sex appearance according to one’s sex identity. There are two kinds of surgery. Genital surgical sex reassignment: surgery of the genitalia and/or breasts performed for the purpose of altering the morphology in order to approximate the physical appearance of the
genetically other sex. Non genital surgical sex reassignment: any and all other surgical procedures of non-genitalia or non-breast, conducted for the purpose of effecting a more masculine appearance in a genetic female or for the purpose of effecting more feminine appearance in a genetic male.
As a former step of SRS, there is a hormonal sex reassignment, which is the administration of androgen to genotype females, and administration of estrogen and/or progesterone to genotype males, for the purpose of effecting somatic changes in order for the patient to more closely approximate the physical appearance of the other sex.
When is SRS performed?
The time that people start feeling of belonging to the opposite sex is 2-3 years of age. According to the outcome of many researches, early treatment would prevent unnecessary sufferings. Physical outcome of an early treatment can be expected to be more satisfactory by comparison with starting later, especially MFs (male to female}. This is an enormous and lifelong advantage instead of having to live with a deep voice and other scar. Thus, the earlier the SRS is performed, the easier transsexuals can adjust themselves according to their sex identity, and they can avoid the confusion about themselves. But SRS is usually performed at the age of 18-21. There are two reasons for this long delay. First, most children with gender identity disorder will not grow up to become transsexuals. Second, adolescents in many countries are still legally dependent on the consent of their parents when deciding on medical treatment.
How does transsexuals feel after SRS?
On the whole, most of the transsexuals who have performed SRS were satisfied with sex change itself. Nevertheless, many of them were dissatisfied with the way their new physical Appearance. The reason for dissatisfaction is first, MFs have to do with retention of bodily features and aspects of the overall appearance that could not be changed completely by either surgery or hormonal manipulation. For example, remains of the beard, large feet and hands, quality of the voice, and persistence of Adam’s apple. Social pressure on woman to pay more attention to their appearance is also one of the reason. FM transsexuals are usually dissatisfied with their new genitals. But, the most important thing is that they could live in the new gender role feeling that their identity is fitting to themselves. They have more comfortable relationship with other people around their environment.